Animal Facts

Toulouse Goose

Scientific Name: Anser anser domesticus

Fast Fact:

The Toulouse goose was originally bred to be used to make the French delicacy foie gras. They are still raised as a meat goose in much of Europe.

Toulouse Goose

The Toulouse goose originated near the city of Toulouse, France. It is a domestic species commonly found on farms in Europe and America.

STATUS: Since it is a common farm animal, it is not considered threatened or endangered.

HABITAT: The Toulouse goose is found in barnyards or small home flocks. They are well suited to living in a large garden, pasture or orchard. They do require protected shelter at night.

DIET: Toulouse geese forage for tender weeds and grasses. They can also be fed grain and waterfowl pellets.

PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS: The Toulouse goose has an oval shaped head atop a thick neck. Their heavy bodies are covered in feathers of varying shades of gray. The back and tail areas are usually dark gray, fading to a lighter gray on the neck and head. The under parts of the body are white. Toulouse goslings are covered in greenish gray down, with black bills, legs and feet. The adult goose has an orange bill and reddish-orange legs and feet. The skin around the dark eyes is also orange, looking much like orange eyeliner. The large webbed feet are used as paddles in swimming and provide stable support as the bird walks on land. A female goose can weigh 15-17 lbs, while the male weighs 18-20 lbs. Their large size and body shape prevent them from being successful fliers. The Toulouse goose is a relatively calm, quiet, slow moving bird. It doesn’t like to be startled or rushed. These geese mate for life and can live 20-22 years.


The American Livestock Breeds Conservancy recognizes one breed of Toulouse goose, and three types. The Production type is typically found on farms, raised for meat. The Standard Dewlap type is bred for its ability to gain weight rapidly and can be force fed for foie gras. The Exhibition type is raised as a decorative show bird and has an exaggerated dewlap and keel.

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