Scientific Name: Naemorhedus goral arnouxianus
Chinese gorals are shy creatures and live in groups of up to twelve individuals. They are territorial and will defend their food patches from other gorals.
Natural vs. Human Predators
Gorals do not have other competitors from their family because they can navigate and survive in such harsh, rocky environments at high altitude. Their natural predators include the leopard, lynx and tiger. Their status would be more secure if they were protected from humans who hunt them for sport and food.
Chinese gorals are vulnerable due to habitat loss and excessive hunting.
The Chinese goral lives in the steep slopes of wooded mountains in east-central China. Most commonly, they live at 3,000 to 8,000 feet but they have been seen at much higher altitudes. The Manchurian goral lives in northern China and Korea, and other subspecies live in northern India and southern China to Nepal.
They browse on leaves, twigs, shrubs and nuts in the winter and during the summer they may graze on grasses. As a ruminant with a four-chambered stomach, they chew their cud and obtain the maximum nutrition from their diet.
Chinese gorals are built for climbing and jumping. They have a stout body and weigh from 48 to 77 pounds. Their wooly undercoat with long, coarse guard hairs is well suited for life in a cold climate. Their summer coat is shorter and thinner. Males have a short, semi-erect mane and longer conical horns that those seen in the females (9 inches in the males and 7.5 inches in the females). The piercing horns are capable of inflicting great damage to their opponents.