Crane, Indian Sarus

Saurus Crane

Crane, Sarus

Scientific Name: Grus antigone

Status: Vulnerable

Habitat: Northern and central India, Nepal, and Pakistan

Diet: These omnivorous birds eat insects, aquatic plants and crustaceans, seeds, berries, and small vertebrates.

Height: 45-78 inches

Wingspan: 9 feet

Weight: 26 pounds

The sarus crane is the world’s tallest flying bird. In many Asian cultures, symbolizes marriage because it performs elaborate courtship dances and mates for life. Like other cranes, the “dancing” includes bowing, hopping, wing flapping, and stick or grass tossing.

Sarus cranes return to the same breeding grounds for up to five years. The ground nests consist of marsh vegetation and are found in the shallow waters of natural and man-made wetlands. Both parents construct the nest, incubate the (usually two) eggs for 31 to 34 days, and raise the young. Chicks are able to fly at around three months.

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