Ostriches are found in the savannas and deserts of central and southern Africa. They prefer areas with short grass, which provides food and allows them to see long distances.


Leaves, roots, flowers, and seeds form the bulk of the ostrich diet, although these omnivores also feast on insects, lizards, and rodents. Because ostriches do not have teeth, they swallow small stones that help grind the swallowed food in their gizzards.


Feathers of adult males are primarily black with white plumage on their tails and wings, while females are grayish brown. The male ostrich is 6–9 feet tall and weighs 220–300 pounds while females are somewhat smaller. Lifespan is 30–40 years in the wild and up to 50 years in human care.